February 2017 meeting – 5 minutes talk by Joy Lorcery
In England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland very often you will find a « suffix » at the end of the name of the town.
1. For E.G. : Borough, Bury, Brough, or in Scotland Burgh. This originally meant « a fortified enclosure ». Nowadays it can mean a town that is corporate with a Municiple government or one that has one or more representatives in Parliament => E.G. SCARBOROUGH ; EDINBURGH
2. Chester, cester. This is the latin word for « Camp » (castrum). A fortification of Roaman origin => E.G. MANCHESTER ; LANCASTER ; CHESTER
3. Field. Open land or a forest cleaning => E.G. SHEFFIELD
4. Ford. « Crossing » usually water => E.G. BRADFORD : WATFORD
5. Ham. Farm homestead or setllement => E.G. NOTTINGHAM ; BIRMINGHAM
6. Mouth. « Bay » or mouth of a river => E.G. PLYMOUTH ; BOURNMOUTH
7. Worth. « Enclosure » => E.G. TARNWORTH ; SAWBRIDGEWORTH ; HAWORTH
8. Aber. At the beginning of the name (prefix) : mouth of the river => E.G. ABERYSTWYTH ; ABERDEEN (literally « mouth of the river Dee »)
9. Bourn. A river => E.G EASTBOURNE
10. Ing. Belonging to someone => E.G BIRMINGHAM = belonging to Berm (beorma) ; NOTTINGHAM = belonging to Nott. From the lating INGAS « people of » => E.G HASTINGS ; KETTERING
11. To finish : what about Shires. A county. 25 end with the SHIRE, and at least 14 do not.